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Bayside is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens. The neighborhood is in the eastern section of Flushing and is part of Queens Community Board 11.[2] CNN Money ranked Bayside as one of the most expensive housing markets nationally when analyzing comparable detached homes throughout the United States.[3] Despite its large housing stock of free-standing homes, it nationally ranks high to very high in population density.[4][5][6] These homes give the neighborhood a similar feel to other wealthy Queens neighborhoods such as DouglastonWhitestone and Little Neck.

History

Bayside Yacht Club on Little Neck Bay, 1917

Bayside's history dates back to 2000 B.C.E., when the Matinecock Native American tribe first settled there. In the late 17th century, the area was settled by English colonists. By the middle of the 18th century, early settlers left their homes in Flushing and developed a farming community, Bay Side. During the Revolutionary War, the Bayside-Little Neck area suffered from raids by whaleboatmen from the Connecticut shores. In the 19th century Bayside was still mostly farmland. Middle 20th century urban sprawl in New York City, with the help of more convenient and accessible transportation, led to its development.

During the 1920s, many actors and actresses, such as Rudolph Valentino, lived in Bayside. At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century Bayside saw an influx of people associated with the theater and movie industries. The town was then established as a colony for stage and screen stars. When rumors ran rampant through the acting community that Bayside would be the location of a new movie and production studio, many actors purchased homes in anticipation of an easy commute to the studio. However, this rumored studio never materialized. When Hollywood emerged as the capital of the movie industry during the 1920s, many actors left Bayside to pursue careers in California.

Location and boundaries

Bayside is bordered by the Bronx to the north across the Long Island Sound and Douglaston Manor across the Little Neck Bay. The eastern land border is the Cross Island Parkway and Douglaston; the western is Francis Lewis Boulevard/Utopia Parkway and Auburndale; the southern is Long Island Expressway and Oakland Gardens. The neighborhood of Bayside Hills is itself a newer subdivision within Bayside.

Bayside Gables

Bayside Gables is a privately owned gated community located near the Bay Terrace shopping center and the Little Neck Bay. Arguably one of the wealthiest areas in Queens (along with Forest Hills Gardens, Malba, Holliswood, Jamaica Estates, and Douglaston Manor), homes in this community can sell for as high as 4 million dollars.

Bayside Hills

Bayside Hills is a subdivision of Bayside's south side, bordered by 48th Ave to the north, the Long Island Expressway to the south, 211th Street to the west, and Springfield Boulevard on the east. The homes in Bayside Hills have more value and are more upscale, many of which were built by Gross Morton.[16]

Bayside Hills is known for its thirty-three street malls and accents, especially the gatehouse (Bell Boulevard at 48th street), gateposts (48th Avenue from 216th Street) and Bayside Hills Street Clock (50th Avenue and 215th Street).[17] The Victorian style street clock sits upon the Leo Green Clock Mall, dedicated to the local civic activist. Further east, Captain William C Dermody Triangle Park (48 Avenue and 216 Street) memorializes Dermody's abolitionism and service in the Civil War, leading him to be mortally wounded at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.[18] Much of the public green space is maintained by the NYC Parks Department and the Bayside Hills Civic Association.

The zip code 11364 is shared with Oakland Gardens.

Aerial view of Bay Terrace, with the Throgs Neck Bridge crossing the East River to the Bronx in the north

Bay Terrace is an affluent neighborhood[19] often considered part of the larger area of Bayside. The area encompasses gated cooperative/condominium developments such as the Bay Club and Baybridge Condominium. Other cooperative/condominium developments include the Towers at Waters Edge, the Kennedy Street Quad, the Bayside Townhouse Condominiums, Bay Country Owners, Bell Owners and others. The gated estate community of the "Bayside Gables" is also located within the Bay Terrace neighborhood, being the site of some of the only single family homes in the area.[20] Bay Terrace overlooks the East River and the approaches to the Throgs Neck Bridge from the Clearview Expressway and Cross Island Parkway. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 7 and Queens Community Board 11,[21] and is located within ZIP code 11360, bounded on the west by the Clearview Expressway, on the south by 26th Avenue and 28th Avenue, and to the east and north by the Little Neck Bay and Little Bay (which are a cove of the East River and a neighborhood, respectively).[22] The civic organization serving Bay Terrace is the Bay Terrace Community Alliance (BTCA).[23]

In 1639, Dutch Governor Willem Kieft (1597–1647) purchased the land that today encompasses Queens County from the Matinecock. William Lawrence (1622–1680), who served as a magistrate under Dutch and English administrations, was granted a parcel of land by King Charles II in 1645 that included a large portion of what is today Bayside, in addition to College Point, Whitestone, and Fort Totten. Bayside began its course of development from an agricultural community to a suburb when the North Shore Railroad was extended in 1866. During the following several decades, the Bayside Land Association purchased farms for development. Bay Terrace, originally included within the bounds of Bayside, remained composed of farms and large estates until the 1950s, when Cord and Charles Meyer sold their 225-acre (0.91 km2) farm for development.[24] By 1952, residential development of Bay Terrace Sections 1–12 began and continued into the mid-1960s. The Bay Terrace at Bayside Shopping Center was built in the 1950s.[25]

The New York City Department of City Planning conducted a transportation study of Bay Terrace in 2004.[26] Findings included parking and intersection issues, including poor access to the Cross Island Parkway. Eventually, a median will be constructed along the length of 212th street, with increased access to the Cross Island Parkway near the Baybridge Commons Shopping Center and reconstruction of the existing entrance and exit ramps.[26] The Bay Terrace at Bayside Shopping Center plans on adding new storefronts to their plaza. including World KitchenAéropostale; and PM Pediatrics, a state-of-the-art pediatric emergency care facility.[27]

Bay Terrace has the ZIP code 11360. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the estimated 2010 median family income for the census tract encompassing the Bay Terrace area of New York City (997.02) is $95,868.[19] The current population of Bay Terrace, Queens, New York City is 13,392[19] while the population density is 14,683.8 per square mile.[28] The median home value of the area is $1,253,000.[28][28] The median age of individuals residing in 11360 is 48.9 years.

Oakland Gardens

Oakland Gardens is a middle class neighborhood in the southern part of Bayside, bounded to the north by the Long Island Expressway, to the east by Alley Pond Park, to the south by Union Turnpike, and to the west by Cunningham Park.[29] Whitestone is to the north, and Queens Village and Bellerose are to the south and southeast, respectively.[30] The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 11.[31] Fredrick Newbold Lawrence built a mansion in the area in 1847 called "The Oaks", and the neighborhood's name probably derives from that estate.[29] Many people refer to Oakland Gardens as "southern Bayside" because of its proximity and similarity to Bayside. Its Median income is $54,031.

Transportation

Bayside's Interstate Highways include I-295 and I-495, as well as the Cross Island Parkway. The north end of the Brooklyn-Queens Greenway is in Little Bay Park, under the Throgs Neck Bridge approaches, with convenient connection to the Utopia Parkwaybicycle lane. It lies between Cross Island Parkway and Little Neck Bay, connecting Bayside to Douglaston and Alley Pond Park, and to central Queens and Coney IslandFrancis Lewis Boulevard is a major street notorious for drag racing, which resulted in several fatalities to drivers and pedestrians over the years.

Bayside is connected to Penn Station in Midtown ManhattanWoodsideFlushing-Main StreetMurray Hill, BroadwayAuburndale, and Long Island by the Long Island Rail Road's Port Washington Branch at the Bayside railroad station. The New York City Subway's 7 and <7>​ trains serves nearby Flushing at Flushing–Main Street station.[33] New York City Bus's Q12Q13Q16Q27Q28Q30Q31Q76Q88 local routes, and QM2QM3 and QM20 express routes, also serve Bayside.

After the MTA began extending the 7 and <7>​ trains of the IRT Flushing Line westward into Manhattan in 2007, the 2012 fiscal year Community District Needs of Queens report suggests extending the line eastward in order to relieve congestion in Downtown Flushing. The report states: "It's time for residents and businesses of East Flushing, Bayside, and maybe some parts of Douglaston to share in freeing Downtown Flushing from this growing problem."[35] It should be noted the original plan for the line in 1935 was to have it end, not in Flushing, but Bell Boulevard near Northern Boulevard.

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